There isn’t a specific description of the setting of Psalm 4, but the theme and content are very similar to what we read in Psalm 3. However, Psalm 3 discusses physical protection for David from his son, Absolom, Psalm 4 is focused more on the protection of David’s reputation and honor. Psalm 4 makes a good preaching text any time of year because it offers wisdom and imparts faith. But on the Third Sunday of Easter, it has a special job to do. Psalm 4 deals honestly with unbelief: outside the church, inside the church, or even within preachers. Psalm 4 is very interesting, it tells us about the confidence that is created with those thoughts that are encouraging, also with the warning thoughts and with the appealing thoughts. What you will first notice in this Psalm is the overwriting that says: To the main musician; about Neginot. Psalm of David. It’s important to honor God in humility and faith, rather than letting anger, even righteous anger, lead a person into sin. The end of this psalm praises God for His encouragement. David notes that he has immense joy, thanks to the Lord.
It reads in Psalm 4:1-8, “For the director of music. With stringed instruments. A psalm of David.”
Answer me when I call to you, my righteous God. Give me relief from my distress; have mercy on me and hear my prayer. How long will you people turn my glory into shame? How long will you love delusions and seek false gods? Know that the Lord has set apart his faithful servant for himself; the Lord hears when I call to him. Tremble and do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your hearts and be silent. Offer the sacrifices of the righteous and trust in the Lord. Many, Lord, are asking, “Who will bring us prosperity?” Let the light of your face shine on us. Fill my heart with joy when their grain and new wine abound. In peace I will lie down and sleep, for you alone, Lord, make me dwell in safety.